Securing a Commercial Real Estate Loan: Factors Considered by Lenders

In commercial real estate lending, unique visions and ventures converge with the need for capital, leading to transformative projects. At the heart of this financial landscape are private lenders ready to work with borrowers, builders, and investors to assess the feasibility, potential, and risks of lending on commercial real estate ventures.

Securing a Commercial Real Estate Loan: Factors Considered by Lenders

Enact Partners is a private real estate lender based in Carlsbad, California. Enact Partners provides real estate investors, property owners, developers, and builders with fast, streamlined access to the capital they need to advance their commercial real estate projects.

Known for creativity, flexibility, and knowledge of real estate and lending environments, Enact Partners has grown to be a trusted direct lender serving clients in the western United States.

Enact operates exclusively in the commercial real estate and business purpose lending space. 

The Essence of Commercial Real Estate Lending

Commercial real estate lending encompasses an array of financial instruments designed to facilitate commercial property loans for acquisition, development, and renovation. Projects range from office spaces and industrial complexes to retail centers and multi-family residential buildings. The cornerstone of commercial real estate financing is the commercial real estate loan.

Key Factors Considered by Private Lenders

For Enact Partners, commercial real estate financing is not a one-size-fits-all strategy. Enact Partners recognizes that every project and, therefore, every loan must be unique. Critical factors typically looked at when evaluating borrower loan requests include the following:

  1. Property Type and Purpose—Private lenders carefully assess the type of property being financed and its intended use. Different property types carry varying degrees of risk, which is considered when determining loan approvals. For example, financing a stable, income-generating office building may be viewed differently from funding construction of a speculative multi-family housing development.
  • Loan-To-Value (LTV) Ratio—The Loan-To-Value ratio represents the loan amount as a percentage of the property’s appraised value, making it an important lending metric. Lenders typically have maximum LTV thresholds, which serve as risk mitigation measures. A lower LTV ratio implies a lower risk for the lender and might result in more favorable loan terms for the borrower.
  • Financial Health and Creditworthiness—A borrower’s financial stability and creditworthiness are paramount. Lenders scrutinize the financial history and credit profile of borrowers and their businesses. A solid financial track record and creditworthiness enhance a borrower’s credibility and ability to get a loan.
  • Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)—The Debt Service Coverage Ratio assesses a property’s ability to generate sufficient cash flow to cover its debt obligations. Lenders look for a healthy DSCR, indicating that the property’s income can comfortably service the loan. This ratio provides insight into the property’s revenue potential.
  • Market Conditions and Location—Lenders consider the broader economic landscape and the property’s location within it. Vibrant markets with solid growth prospects are generally more attractive to lenders. Additionally, the property’s location in relation to accessibility and competition can influence lending decisions.
  • Borrower Experience and Expertise—The experience and expertise of the borrower are cornerstones in the evaluation process. Private lenders diligently review the borrower’s history to gauge competence in managing similar projects. Borrowers with proven track records of successfully navigating commercial real estate development projects are often perceived as less risky candidates. Lenders appreciate borrowers who understand the intricacies of the industry, as this can contribute to smoother project execution and increased confidence in the loan’s repayment.
  • Property Appraisal and Inspection—Objective property appraisals and comprehensive inspections are essential components of the lending process. Private lenders rely on these assessments to obtain an unbiased gauge of the property’s value and overall condition. Property appraisals consider factors like location, market conditions, and comparable property values, providing lenders with valuable insights into the property’s worth. Inspections identify potential issues or necessary repairs. Together, these assessments help lenders make informed decisions about loans and mitigate risks associated with property value fluctuations.
  • Loan Structure and Terms—The loan structure and terms are pivotal elements that significantly impact the borrower’s financial obligations. Unlike most traditional banks, private lenders work closely with borrowers to tailor these aspects to the specific project’s scope and financial capabilities. This collaborative approach ensures that loans align with the project’s cash flow and revenue projections. Elements such as interest rates, amortization periods, and repayment schedules are carefully considered and customized to create a financing arrangement that is both feasible and sustainable for borrowers.
  • Collateral and Guarantees—Collateral, often in the form of the property itself, can serve as security for the loan. In addition to collateral, lenders may also require personal or corporate guarantees. These guarantees provide an additional layer of assurance to the lender in the event that the property’s value cannot cover any outstanding loan balance. While collateral and guarantees seem like protective measures for lenders, they can also benefit borrowers by leading to more favorable loan terms.

Enact Partners Can Help

Approving a commercial real estate loan is a multi-faceted process influenced by numerous factors. Private lenders like Enact Partners tailor solutions to the unique qualities of borrowers and their projects. Call Enact Partners at (760) 516-7776 to discuss your commercial real estate loan needs or start the application process online.

Call Enact Partners at (760) 516-7776 to discuss your commercial construction loan needs or start the application process online.

The content of this blog is intended for informational purposes only. All information is provided “as is.” No representations are made that the content is error-free. None of the information is intended to be a source of advice with respect to the material presented, topics discussed, websites linked to, and/or other information referenced or displayed. Any and all ideas and strategies presented should never be used by anyone without that person assessing his or her own financial, investment, and borrowing needs, and without consulting a lending professional of financial advisor familiar with the person’s unique financial situation and needs.

Related Blogs